- What regulations cover emergency lighting systems?
- What are the frequencies of testing emergency lighting installations?
- Emergency lighting logbook
What Regulations cover Emergency Lighting Systems?
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 cover a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues and apply to most workplaces.
Employers have a general duty under (Section 2) of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees at work. People in control of non-domestic premises have a duty under (section 4) of the act to people who are not their employees but use their premises. The regulations expand on these duties and are intended to protect the health and safety of everyone in the workplace.
Other UK legislation requiring the maintenance and testing of emergency lighting systems include:
- Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order 2005
- The Building Regulations 1991
- The Cinematograph Act 1952
- Cinematograph (Safety) Regulations Statutory Instrument 1955 No. 1129
- Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 1996: Statutory Instrument No. 341
Other legislation dealing with premises licensed or registered for public assembly or residential purposes, e.g. Licensing Act, Local Government (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, Theatres Act, and Residential Homes Act etc, the guides for which all contain a requirement for emergency lighting.
British standards specific to the manufacture, design, installation, and verification of emergency lighting systems:
- BS 5266: Pt 1: 2005 Code of Practice for the emergency lighting of premises other than cinemas and certain other specified premises used for entertainment
- BS EN 60598-2-22: 1998 Specification for luminaires for emergency lighting
- BS 5499: Pt 1: 1990 (1955) Specification for self-luminous fire safety signs
- BS 5499: Pt 3: 1990 Specification for internally-illuminated fire safety signs
- BS EN 50171 1999 centrally powered system
What are the frequencies of testing emergency lighting installations?
BS 5266 :Pt 1 recommends that the following test frequencies are adopted:
|Daily||Check for correct operation, this is a simple walk round visual check for illuminated neon
indicator lamps by occupiers
|Monthly||Functionality test not exceeding 25% of rated duration, basic switch off check fluorescent lamp illuminates, switch back on, completed by occupier|
|Six Monthly||Test of at least 1 hour for a 3 hour rated system|
|Three Yearly||Full duration discharge test, performed by competent person|
|Subsequently||After the first 3 years, an annual duration discharge test is required, performed by a competent
It is recommended that discharge tests are performed at a time of least risk, such as outside normal working hours, so that following the test the batteries can be re-charged prior to re-occupation. Where systems have been designed to the recognised standards local key operated switches or fused connection units will have been provided, with isolation of emergency lighting performed without affecting the normal lighting systems.
During the inspection and test of the emergency lighting system for your premises Guardian Electrical Solution’s engineers will verify the design of the installation to current british standards, departures from the standard, and luminaires failing to operate, will be recorded, and issued in the remedial report.
Guardian Electrical Solutions will provide a comprehensive register of equipment that may be utilised as a system logbook for the recording of future tests, and alterations to the system.
Emergency Lighting Logbook
An emergency lighting logbook is a requirement as stated in the emergency lighting Code of Practice (BS5266 Part 1:2006). An emergency lighting logbook records all details on your emergency lighting installation. It should include details of the electrical contractor who installed your emergency lighting installation and details of the electrical contractor who maintains your emergency lighting installation. It should also contain technical details such as an emergency lighting design guide, as well as plans showing the locations of all your emergency lights and details of testing, maintenance and repairs. Each time a test of the emergency lighting installation is carried out or an emergency light, is repaired, replaced or installed, the emergency lighting logbook should be updated.